Chakras 101: A Quick + Easy Guide For Getting to Know the 7 Chakras

If you’re even the slightest bit interested in the world of wellness + spirituality, then chances are you know about chakras (or have at least heard of them). Sanskrit for “wheel” or “disk,” chakras are the spiritual centers in the body through which all energy flows, and bringing them into alignment is key for improving your overall well-being.

The chakra system dates back to 1500 BC, where they were first introduced in India in the Hindu scriptural texts known as the Vedas. Although there are actually dozens of chakras located throughout the human body, most chakra practices focus on the seven main chakras that sit along the spine. The goal is to open up + align these seven chakras in order to let the ultimate healing energy—also known as “prana”—flow freely throughout our bodies.

So what are the seven chakras? Keep reading to find out + help bring them into alignment, then shop our Chakra Mala collection of chakra gemstone jewelry here!


First chakra: Root Chakra

Location: Base of the spine/pelvis
Sanskrit name: Muladhara (meaning “support”)
Represents: Security + survival
Color: Red
Gemstone: Red Jasper

Associated with…

  • Safety

  • Basics needs (like food, shelter, sleep, etc.)

  • Physical identity + sense of self

  • Grounding

  • The foundation on which we build our lives

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Negativity or cynicism

  • Greed

  • Illusion or paranoia

  • Insecurity 

  • A habit of living in survival mode

  • Behaviors ruled by fear or anxiety

How to heal it: Try activities that connect you to nature + the earth (like hiking, gardening, exercising or meditating outside, etc.). Focus on grounding meditations + yoga poses, and surround yourself with colors, sounds + objects that remind you of nature.


Second chakra: Sacral Chakra

Location: Right below the naval
Sanskrit name: Svadhisthana (meaning “sacred home of the self”)
Represents: Creativity + emotions
Color: Orange
Gemstone: Red Aventurine

Associated with…

  • Emotions, feelings + sensations

  • Relationships with ourself + others

  • Sexual expression + pleasure

  • Enjoyment of life

  • Fantasies

  • Flexibility + flow

  • Formation of the self

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Co-dependency on people, situations or substances

  • Being ruled by emotions

  • Feeling numb or out of touch

  • Lack of desire + satisfaction

  • Feeling “stuck”

  • Depression

  • Fear of change

  • A tendency to get lost in fantasies

How to heal it: Since the Sacral Chakra is associated with the element of water, try to surround yourself with water (i.e. the ocean, a lake, rivers, and even rain or a bath!) to absorb its healing energy. Hip-opening yoga poses—practiced in a slow, relaxed manner—are especially useful, as is meditating while envisioning an orange crescent moon in the region of your pelvis. Essential oils with hints of sandalwood, patchouli, orange, rose and ylang ylang can also be helpful. 


Third chakra: Solar Plexus Chakra

Location: In your upper belly (near your diaphragm)
Sanskrit name: Manipura (meaning “lustrous gem”)
Represents: Personal power + self-esteem
Color: Yellow
Gemstone: Yellow Jade

Associated with…

  • Willpower + commitment

  • Responsibility for your life + actions

  • Intellect, decision-making + clear thinking

  • Confidence + self-discipline

  • Independence

  • Personal opinions + beliefs

  • Metabolism + digestion

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Low self-worth

  • Difficulty making decisions

  • Anger or control issues

  • Procrastination + lack of direction or purpose

  • Digestive issues

  • A need for excessive control over people or situations

  • Helplessness

  • Manipulative behaviors + a misuse of power

How to heal it: Practice asanas that focus on building core strength, including Warrior Pose, Boat Pose and Sun Salutations. Since Manipura is associated with the sun and the element of fire, spending some time outside in the sunshine works wonders. 


Fourth chakra: Heart Chakra

Location: Center of your chest
Sanskrit name: Anahata (meaning “unstruck”)
Represents: Love + compassion
Color: Green
Gemstone: Green Aventurine

Associated with…

  • Love for yourself + others

  • Relationships

  • Compassion + empathy

  • Forgiveness + acceptance

  • Transformation + change

  • The ability to grieve

  • Generosity + gratitude

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Grief + anger

  • Jealousy + fear of betrayal or intimacy

  • Holding grudges + the inability to forgive

  • Defensiveness + isolation

  • Codependency 

  • A need to please others at any cost

  • Lack of empathy

How to heal it: Be open about your emotions with yourself + others, and consciously try to practice greater acceptance. Come up with a few positive affirmations—such as “I am open to love” or “I forgive myself and others”—and repeat them throughout the day to help change your mindset. When all else fails, listen to happy, upbeat music to build your positivity and open your heart.


Fifth chakra: Throat Chakra

Location: In your throat
Sanskrit name: Vishuddha (meaning “purification”)
Represents: Communication + expression
Color: Light blue
Gemstone: Amazonite

Associated with…

  • Inner truth

  • The ability to listen + express yourself clearly

  • The ability to turn ideas into reality

  • Uncovering your purpose

  • Authenticity

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Trouble speaking your truth or expressing your thoughts + feelings

  • Lack of control over your speech or fear of speaking

  • An inability to listen to others or keep secrets

  • Secretiveness or shyness

  • Difficulty paying attention + staying focused

  • Fear of judgement

  • Sore throat, thyroid issues, neck + shoulder stiffness, or headaches

How to heal it: Place throat chakra stones along your throat to cleanse + unblock energy, and surround yourself with shades of light blue. Find ways to make your voice heard (such as singing, even if it’s only to yourself!), and practice expressing your thoughts + opinions from a place of love. Drink lots of water to soothe the throat, and every now and then, treat yourself to a massage to release tension in your neck + shoulders. 


Sixth chakra: Third Eye Chakra

Location: Between your eyebrows
Sanskrit name: Ajna (meaning “perception”)
Represents: Intuition + perception
Color: Dark blue
Gemstone: Sodalite

Associated with…

  • Your connection to the outside world

  • Wisdom + insight

  • Inspiration + creativity

  • Clairvoyance + psychic abilities

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Difficulty tapping into your intuition or trusting your instincts

  • Memory problems or trouble with learning new skills

  • Judgmental + dismissive behavior

  • Introversion

  • Depression + anxiety

  • Headaches + dizziness

  • Lack of clarity

How to heal it: Visualization meditation is especially helpful for bringing the Third Eye Chakra back into alignment. Other types of energy healing are also useful, whether it’s Reiki, sound therapy or acupuncture. Essential oils like frankincense, juniper, rosemary and sandalwood can help to open up this chakra, as can eating dark blue or purple foods like blueberries, plums and eggplants.


Seventh chakra: Crown Chakra

Location: Top of your head
Sanskrit name: Sahaswara (meaning “thousandfold”)
Represents: Consciousness + enlightenment
Color: Purple
Gemstone: Amethyst

Associated with…

  • Spirituality

  • Awareness

  • Higher states of consciousness

  • Ecstasy + bliss

  • Presence

  • Clarity + wisdom

When blocked or out of alignment, you might experience:

  • Isolation or a feeling of being disconnected from others

  • Cynicism

  • Living in your head

  • Closed-mindedness

  • Depression + mental fog

  • Chronic fatigue + migraines

How to heal it: Meditation is the No. 1 way to heal your Crown Chakra, so sticking to a regular practice is incredibly important. Nourish your body with healthy, wholesome foods, and take some time to sit in silence whenever possible. Practice slow, gentle yoga poses, and try soothing aromatherapy scents like jasmine, rose and lavender.